What is Peak oil?
"The term Peak Oil refers to the maximum rate of the production of oil in any area under consideration, recognising that it is a finite natural resource, subject to depletion."
Submitted by Kjell Aleklett on Sun, 2015-03-22 16:11.
Since last autumn there has been overproduction of oil in the USA compared to what the market, OPEC and Saudi Arabia had planned. I have previously discussed how there is insufficient storage for this excess oil. It is fairly easy for the producers in the Middle East to close the taps and reduce production but closing the “fracking tap” is a completely different story. Bloomberg has published an article describing how, at the moment, the fracking tap is being closed in the USA, “Watch Four Years of Oil Drilling Collapse in Seconds”.
“The crash in oil prices kicked off intense debate over when, and how, American producers would react. So far they’re still cranking out oil, but there are signs that a slowdown is looming.
Submitted by Mikael Höök on Mon, 2015-02-16 10:59.
Discoveries of new oil and gas reserves dropped to their lowest level in at least two decades last year, pointing to tighter world supplies as energy demand increases in the future. Preliminary figures suggest the volume of oil and gas found last year, excluding shale and other reserves onshore in North America, was the lowest since at least 1995, according to previously unpublished data from IHS, the research company. Depending on later revisions, 2014 may turn out to have been the worst year for finding oil and gas since 1952...
The crash in the price of oil may change the oil market – a look at the IEA’s “Oil Medium-Term Market Report 2015”Submitted by Kjell Aleklett on Sun, 2015-02-15 10:29.
On Tuesday 10 February at 13:00 GMT the IEA released its “Oil Medium-Term Market Report 2015”. The day before the release I was contacted by Jens Ergon at Sveriges Television (“Sweden’s Television, SVT) who wanted to get my opinion on the report. I had a number of hours to read through the 140 pages of the version provided to media prior to the report’s official release. This meant that I could comment on the report immediately it was released. SVT has now reported some of those comments in an article that Jens Ergon has written, “The Price Crash Will Reshape The Oil Market”. The subtitle is, “American oil boom behind the falling price. But opinions vary widely on the future of oil.”
Let’s now go through the article together and I will make a few comments as we do so.
“The comprehensive fall in the price of oil has taken the world’s experts by surprise. Since the summer of 2014 the price of oil has more than halved from over $100 per barrel to a price today of around $50. Last Tuesday the International Energy Agency, IEA, made its first report since the price fall.
Submitted by Mikael Höök on Fri, 2015-02-06 19:11.
Big oil companies had a poor record of finding and producing oil and gas last year, according to figures out in the past week - and big cuts in spending in response to falling crude prices could undermine their plans to turn that around. Four of the world's six biggest oil firms by market value - Royal Dutch Shell, Chevron, BP and ConocoPhillips - released provisional figures showing together they replaced only two-thirds of the hydrocarbons they extracted in 2014 with new reserves. Combined, those four and industry leader Exxon Mobil posted an average drop in oil and gas production of 3.25 percent last year.
All predict their output will increase and new reserves will be added in coming years. But the 2014 results echo longer-term trends. Over the past decade, the biggest Western oil companies have seen reserves growth stall, production drop 15 percent and profits fall by almost a fifth - even as oil prices almost doubled, a Reuters analysis of corporate filings shows.
Read the full article here:
Submitted by Kjell Aleklett on Wed, 2015-02-04 15:46.
If one studies the price of oil between 1980 and the present day one can see that the price was lowest on 10 December 1998 at $9.10 per barrel. During the period 1990 to 2014 the average rate of inflation in the USA has been 2.59%. At that rate of inflation a price of $9.10 equates to $13.70 per barrel today. It was in 1998 that Colin Campbell and Jean H. Laherrère published their famous article, “THE END OF CHEAP OIL” in Scientific American. Today’s “low” crude oil price of around $50 per barrel is more than 250% higher than the equivalent price in 1998. The price of half a year ago of $100 per barrel would be over 600% higher than the 1998 price. Is there any better evidence that the cheap oil is gone and we will never see such cheap oil again?
Those who follow the oil story know that in 1956 M. King Hubbert said that the USA’s conventional oil production would reach a maximum between 1965 and 1970. Hubbert was ridiculed for his estimate and in 1970 his opponents happily declared that “we have never produced more oil than we are doing today”. The fact is that, at the peak, more oil is produced than ever previously.
Submitted by Kjell Aleklett on Fri, 2014-11-07 06:26.
Last Monday, Statoil made a statement to the press about the oil field Johan Sverdrup. The fact that The Wall Street Journal highlighted this news meant that it was spread around the world. The title of their article was "Statoil Forecasts New North Sea Oil Bonanza". From the WSJ article itself we learn that the expected production profits from the field are about $200 billion over the next 50 years (1.350 billion NOK, NKR). The fact that the state is expected to seize 670 billion NKR of this means they will be taking 50% of the production value. One could easily get the impression that the rest of the income would accrue to Statoil, but the fact is that the producer only owns a part of the production rights.
Later in the article the WSJ discusses Norway's oil production, noting that it was 1.46 million barrels a day in 2013 and that this is less than half of Norway’s maximal production that occurred in 2001.
Submitted by Kjell Aleklett on Sat, 2014-10-25 07:08.
My article on the strategically important of the Baltic Sea for the Russian oil exports, is now published in Aftonbladet, a Swedish tabloid and one of the larger daily newspapers in the Nordic countries. Read the article in Swedish on aftonbladet.se, ”Östersjön får allt större betydelse för Ryssland”.
The Baltic Sea is of increasing importance for Russia
The submarine hunt in Stockholm's archipelago is over and yet again we can state that there were only indications of underwater activity. At the same time we have heard from, among others, Finland that Russia has recently increased its military activities. Analysts tell us that the Cold War has returned and comparisons are made with the Soviet era. Many people in various branches of the media will now analyze the increasing tensions between Sweden and Russia.
Submitted by Kjell Aleklett on Mon, 2014-08-18 14:43.
On 11 June OPEC held its 165th meeting in Vienna and the organisation’s 12 members decided to maintain its production volume of 30 millon barrels of oil per day (Mb/d). The meeting is reported in the OPEC Bulletin 6/14. They also decided to extend Abdalla Salem El-Badri’s term as general secretary of OPEC until the end of the year. After the meeting a press conference was held during which General Secretary El-Badri stated, “Right now we have a very comfortable crude oil price, the market is stable and OPEC is producing 30 Mb/d of crude, more or less. The consumers are getting their supplies and the producers a good price. Everybody is Happy.”
On the question of whether shale oil production in the USA was a threat to OPEC the answer was that it was not because the USA would not be an oil exporter. With regard to future investments El-Badri considered that OPEC had a good plan for investments and stated they would study the balance between demand and production. In conclusion he said that “OPEC will continue to play its part in supplying the world with enough crude oil”.
In the OPEC Bulletin some of the external guests to the meeting were also interviewed.
Submitted by Kjell Aleklett on Mon, 2014-06-16 22:32.
On 4 June I participated with Patrik Jotun, (a researcher and analyst at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs), in a symposium organised by the Green Liberals with the theme, “Environmental and Climate Policy in the Shadow of Developments in Russia – on environment, climate, security and energy supply”. The delegates were allowed into the Folk Party’s premises at Mynttorget under strict security control. My presentation was somewhat similar to that I gave at The Economist’s recent symposium in Stockholm and so I will direct you to my earlier blog on that event for details (European Energy Horizons 2014). I found Patrik Jotun’s presentation very interesting and it gave me new perspective on the tensions that we see today between the EU and Russia.
Submitted by Kjell Aleklett on Tue, 2014-02-25 14:00.
The Oil & Gas Journal has published an article with the headline, "Chesapeake mulls spinoff, sale of oil field services division". The article is especially interesting since Chesapeake is one of the largest companies in fracking. On Chesapeake Energy Corporation’s website one can read that they are the second largest producer of natural gas and the eleventh largest company for production of oil and NGL in the USA. Further, one can read that, “The company’s operations are focused on discovering and developing its large and geographically diverse resource base of unconventional natural gas and oil assets onshore in the U.S. The company also owns substantial marketing, compression and oilfield services businesses.” On 11 February 2014 the company submitted an “Investor presentation” and they explained that they were required to make such “forward-looking statements” by Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.